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The archaeological area of Talatí de Dalt is one of the most emblematic on the island, due to both its good state of conservation and its unusual taula.It consists of a talayotic settlement with its necropolis of artificial caves. It has preserved some important monuments and structures like caves (where burials and funerary rites were held), the taula sanctuary, sections of wall, talayotic houses, and several chambers with columns and stone roofs. This is a medium-sized settlement, which in its heyday accommodated nearly a hundred people. Their community must have consisted of livestock breeders and farmers, to judge from the pottery and animal remains found. Its use continued until the Muslim era.

Talatí de Dalt talayotic settlement

The archaeological area of Talatí de Dalt is one of the most emblematic on the island, due to both its good state of conservation and its unusual taula.It consists of a talayotic settlement with its necropolis of artificial caves. It has preserved some important monuments and structures like caves (where burials and funerary rites were held), the taula sanctuary, sections of wall, talayotic houses, and several chambers with columns and stone roofs. This is a medium-sized settlement, which in its heyday accommodated nearly a hundred people. Their community must have consisted of livestock breeders and farmers, to judge from the pottery and animal remains found. Its use continued until the Muslim era.



 
Detailed description

The archaeological area of Talatí de Dalt consists of the following elements:

- Talayot:With elliptical floor plan and truncated cone shaped profile, several surrounding constructions hide its base. It is built from blocks placed in very regular horizontal courses. One side is in ruins revealing an elliptical chamber with a stone set in the middle.

- Taula enclosure: It has a horseshoe-shaped floor plan and concave façade, and two corners of the wall built with regular blocks are preserved.

Its interior includes monolithic pilasters and a regular face of approximately rectangular blocks. Right in the centre is the taula column, with a truncated cone shaped capital. The column and its capital have lateral support, a unique feature among island monuments.

One side of the taula enclosure adjoins a hypostyle hall with monolithic and polylithic pilasters inside, built into the wall. On the southern wall is a pillar with a capital, completely detached from the face. A Mediterranean-type central column with capital is also preserved, as is part of its roof of flat slabs placed in a radial pattern.

- At one of the outer edges of the settlement, several hypostyle halls are documented:

"Building 1": is rectangular, built of small blocks of stone placed horizontally. Access is through a door with lintel and monolithic pilasters. The roof, made from stone beams and earth, is supported by a monolithic central pillar with capital. On one of its sides is a small niche, and on another, a chamber cut into the rock which is reached by descending a stairway.

"Building 2": has a door with monolithic lintels and pilasters. Inside is a small hall. To the left is an elongated rectangular chamber, built from small stones and roofed with horizontal slabs with no central column. On the right is a derelict chamber.

"Building 3": has an irregular floor plan and is accessed through a door with lintel. The space is laid out around a great central pillar that supports the roof beams. Around this pillar an adjoining run of fairly small spaces is organised. These spaces are of different types: an open courtyard, a hearth-type structure, a covered corridor between buildings, and a paved passageway.

- There is a well in a small plantation of wild olives.

Classification:
Talayotic settlement.

Municipality:
Maó.

Chronological period:
Early Bronze Age - Middle Bronze Age - Late Bronze Age - Iron Age - Roman Conquest.

Objects found:
- Worked bone objects with handle and others of indeterminate purpose.
- Pottery from the pre-Talayotic, Talayotic, Carthaginian Ibizan, Roman, Iberian and Islamic eras.
- Several iron objects.
- All normal fauna including pigs, sheep, goats and cows, and others like horses and dogs.
- Parts of a vitreous paste necklace.
- Several bronze objects.
- Mills and mill bases.

Constructions:
- Taula enclosure.
- Houses.
- Silo.
- Talayot.
- Hypostyle hall.
- Wall.

 
Archaeological interventions

There have been several digs over the years. The first was led by María Luisa Serra in 1959, in the taula enclosure, during which a level of ashes with Roman pottery was documented. Between 1997 and 2002 digs were held in different parts of the archaeological area.

1997, 1999 and 2000: Excavation of the south-western area by G. Juan and O. Pons
2001: Excavation of the south-western area by J. Pons
2002: Excavation of the south-western area by J. de Nicolás

 
Legal protections

BIC no. of the Island Council of Minorca: 000932.
BIC no. of the Balearic Islands Government: 7023-2-2-2-55-2848.? BIC no. of the Ministry of Culture: RI - 55-0000687.
Decree no. 2563/1966, of 10 September: 1938.
Declared Historic-Artistic monument by decree of 3 June 1931.

 
Bibliography

DE NICOLÁS, J.C. & CONDE, M.J. 1993. La ceràmica ibèrica pintada a les Illes Balears i Pitiüses. Col·lecció Recerca 3. Maó: Institut Menorquí d’Estudis.

FLAQUER , J. 1932Descubrimientos en Talatí de Dalt. Revista de Menorca, .

HERNÁNDEZ SANZ, F. 1897. Notas arqueológicas. Monumentos megalíticos de “Sa Cudia Cremada”, “Talatí de Dalt”, “Torelló”, “Torrellisá Vell” y “Son Na Cassana”. Revista de Menorca, .

HERNÁNDEZ SANZ, F. 1899. Noticias generales sobre los monumentos megalíticos de la isla de Menorca. Reseña detallada de los existentes en el predio de Telaty de dalt. Revista de Menorca, .

JUAN, G.; PONS, J.; PONS, O.; LARA, C.; marquès, j. & ISBERT, F. 2002 Talatí de Dalt (Maó-Menorca). Avenç dels resultats de les excavacions fetes entre 1997 i 2000. Bolletí de la Societat Arqueològica Lul·liana, 58: 371-378.?
JUAN,G. & PONS MACHADO, J. 2005. Talatí de Dalt. 5 anys d'investigació a un jaciment talaiòtic tipus de Menorca. Treballs del Museu de Menorca, 29. Mao: Conselleria d'Educació i Cultura del Govern Balear.?
JUAN, G. 2006. Talatí de Dalt. In AA.DD., Historia de las Islas Baleares. Tomo 16: Patrimonio histórico y artístico. Palma: El Mundo-El Dia de Baleares / Edicions de Turisme Cultural: 211-212.

SERRA, M.L. 1965. De arqueología menorquina:puertas de elementos dobles. Revista de Menorca, .

SERRA, M.L. 1966. Contribución al estudio de las taulas. Talatí i Torrellafuda. In IX Congreso Nacional de Arqueología (Valladolid, 1965). Zaragoza: Secretaría General de los Congresos Arqueológicos Nacionales: 175-190.

 
Practical information

Access:
Access is from the main Me-1 road from Maó to Ciutadella. At kilometre 4 the road changes direction and the rural path of Cotaina starts. 200 metres from the entrance is the parking site and access to the site.
Road signs to site.
Open to the general public.

Parking:
Yes. Parking with capacity for 10 cars and 1 minibus.

Visits:
Opening hours

January to April - every day - free access
May to October - every day - 10 to 20 h
November and December - every day - free access

Prices

General - 4 euros
Retired persons - 3 euros.
Under 12s - free access

Information panels on site.

Ownership and management:
Private.

 

 
 
 
Consell Insular de Menorca Govern Illes Balears
MINORCA TALAYOTIC - World Heritage Nomination
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