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The Es Tudons naveta is one of the most emblematic talayotic monuments of Minorca due to its excellent state of conservation, and because navetas are a type of funerary construction unique to the island.
Its shape like an upturned ship ("nave" in Spanish) gives it its name of "naveta", and it was built using the cyclopean technique typical of the era, basically assembling medium-sized stones without mortar. Group burials took place inside, and during excavations a hundred individuals were located, accompanied by grave ware and small pots where offerings were deposited during funerary rites.

Es Tudons naveta

The Es Tudons naveta is one of the most emblematic talayotic monuments of Minorca due to its excellent state of conservation, and because navetas are a type of funerary construction unique to the island.
Its shape like an upturned ship ("nave" in Spanish) gives it its name of "naveta", and it was built using the cyclopean technique typical of the era, basically assembling medium-sized stones without mortar. Group burials took place inside, and during excavations a hundred individuals were located, accompanied by grave ware and small pots where offerings were deposited during funerary rites.



 
Detailed description

Es Tudons is an elongated cairn with a somewhat pointed apse. It has a flat and slightly concave façade, with traces of what may have been a slab platform in front of the doorway. Access is by a door leading to a quadrangular ante-chamber, which also communicates with the lower and upper chambers through a slightly sloping vertical passage.

The door of the lower chamber consists of three stones forming a lintel and leading to an elongated chamber, in which a small continuous bench is conserved in the apse. The interior face, on which the large flat slabs of the two roofs rest, is built using large regular blocks in the lower course and smaller blocks for the upper courses.

The upper floor is reached from the ante-chamber through a vertical opening. The upper chamber also has an apse-shaped floor plan, and is roofed with horizontal slabs. Its surface, where horizontal courses predominate, has been heavily restored, and it is difficult to distinguish the original blocks from those of the reconstruction.

The external face is pseudo-isodomic, with large regular squared blocks, the lower courses (made of large blocks fitted with wedges) clearly differentiated from the upper blocks (more horizontal). Its exterior dimensions are 13.60 m long and 6.40 m wide.

The monument’s current appearance is due to the 1960 architectural restoration, directed by Professor Pericot and Mª L. Serra, which concentrated mainly on the roof of the upper floor and the apse.

Inside this tomb, at least one hundred individuals of all ages and both sexes were buried, using both the upper and lower chambers. The skeletons were dismembered and disordered, piled up as more recent burials displaced their predecessors. The bodies were deposited with their belongings and offerings in small pots.

Classification:
Funerary naveta

Municipality:
Ciutadella

Chronological period:
Middle Bronze Age - Late Bronze Age (1400 - 1000 B.C.).

Objects found:
- Hand-made pottery from the Talayotic era (S-profile pots)
- Bronze objects: lance tip, bi-cone shaped beads, bracelets, awls, small balls and spirals
- Bone objects: bradawl, buttons with V perforation, plugs with decoration of concentric circles

Constructions:
- Chambered burial cairn

 
Archaeological interventions

The monument owes its current appearance to the architectural excavation and restoration carried out between 1959 and 1960 under the direction of Professor Pericot and Maria Lluïsa Serra.

 
Legal protections

BIC no. of the Island Council of Minorca: 000688?BIC no. of the Balearic Islands Government: 7015-2-2-51-2882-0
BIC no. of the Ministry of Culture: R-I-51-000344200001?Decree no. 2563/166, of 10 September: 1802
Declared Historic-Artistic monument by Decree of 3 June 1931

 
Bibliography

COX, J. & HOCHSIEDER, P. 1994. Investigacions de paleoastronomia a les navetes des Tudons i Son Morell. Revista de Menorca,
?FLORIT PIEDRABUENA, G. 1964. Consideraciones sobre la forma externa original de la Nau dels Tudons. Revista de Menorca,.

GORNES, S. 2006. La naveta des Tudons. In AA.DD., Historia de las Islas Baleares. Tomo 16: Patrimonio histórico y artístico. Palma: El Mundo-El Dia de Baleares / Edicions de Turisme Cultural: 50-53.

PLANTALAMOR, L.; SASTRE, J. & VILLALONGA, S. 2009. Les llàgrimes bicòniques a l’illa de Menorca. Randa, 62: 5-29.

SEGUÍ RODRÍGUEZ, J. 1888. Naveta des Tudons. Revista de Menorca,

 
Practical information

Access:
Access by the main road from Maó to Ciutadella, km 40. Some 400 metres from the parking site and across a field is the Es Tudons naveta.
Signed from the road.
Open to the general public.

Parking:
Yes. Large parking site suitable for cars and coaches.

Visits:
Approx. opening hours
January to April - every day - free access
May to October - Mondays and Tuesdays, 9 to 14 h - Wednesday to Sunday, 9 to 20.30 h
November and December - every day - free access

Prices
Consult web site www.menorca.es or call 902 929 015.

Information panels on site

Ownership and management:
Private ownership and management by the Destí Minorca Foundation.

 

 
 
 
Consell Insular de Menorca
MINORCA TALAYOTIC - World Heritage Nomination
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