Share
  
Tweet
The site at So na Caçana is thought to be a series of sanctuaries. The architectural type of the sites documented here has convinced researchers of this possibility. It may therefore be a religious centre linked to the settlements in this part of the island.
There is also a necropolis with two natural caves adapted by man, and three hypogeums.
Built in the Middle Bronze Age it was occupied until Roman times, as archaeological remains found in some of its monuments show.

So na Caçana sanctuaries

The site at So na Caçana is thought to be a series of sanctuaries. The architectural type of the sites documented here has convinced researchers of this possibility. It may therefore be a religious centre linked to the settlements in this part of the island.
There is also a necropolis with two natural caves adapted by man, and three hypogeums.
Built in the Middle Bronze Age it was occupied until Roman times, as archaeological remains found in some of its monuments show.



 
Detailed description

Of the ten talayotic buildings on this site, the excavation of three has permitted identification of their function and type as taula enclosures, and it has been concluded that So na Caçana is a series of sanctuaries:

- "Monument 1": only the remains of a flat wall built with rectangular blocks have survived.

- "Monument 2": a basically rectangular building with concave façade in a very poor state of conservation, its central portal with stairway leads to the interior. To the left of the door, beach pebbles are embedded into the rock of the ground.

Inside the chamber are two dwellings and a central pillar by a plinth of small stones set over the rock.

In the Roman era, this site of talayotic worship was converted into a building with quadrangular spaces. A slab pavement from the same era can be distinguished. A coin from the time of Constantine the Great has been found, pinpointing the end of its use at the fourth century A.D.

- "Monument 3": has undergone several reforms and there are many layers of construction. It originally had an apse-shaped floor plan and was built with vertical slabs over a plinth. Its façade, of which only the lower courses remain, was reused in the later building.

Above it another building was built: a more or less circular house with a central courtyard with a filter tank, abandoned in the second half of the second century B.C.

Shortly afterwards it was again restructured with a long wall and a living area to the left of the entrance.

Around the change of era, a hearth was built, reusing pivots and fragments of amphoras.

The building was definitively abandoned in the third century A.D.

- "Monument 4": rectangular with a concave face, this is the most monumental of the series. Two superimposed walls can be distinguished on the façade: one cyclopean with stone courses, and the other interior wall ending in buttresses. The side and back faces are built over a slope, with horizontally placed blocks.

The probable access portal was closed when an adjoining rectangular section was built, in use in first century B.C. Above this section, buttresses were added, blocking the portal or possible access way.

- "Monument 5": adjoins "Monument 4" and is one of the best preserved taula enclosures of the entire complex. Has a semi-apsidal floor plan and flat façade, built using vertical slabs placed on a plinth with courses of more or less rectangular stones above them. The entrance portal is central, with a raised lower threshold.

Just inside on the right there are pebbles embedded in the rock floor.

The interior is divided into two well differentiated areas: the front area between the façade and the central columns, and the back area between the columns and the apse.

The longitudinal walls were constructed around the fourth century B.C.

There are 6 quadrangular niches in the walls.

The central column is positioned on the solid rock with wedges and it is reinforced from behind with a pilaster. The stone capital on top has disappeared.

To the right of the entrance is a cylindrical drum where archaeological excavation has documented a large amount of ashes and coal.

- "Monument 6": adjoins monuments "7" and "8" and is constructed using slabs irregularly embedded into a plinth. The inside of the face consists of horizontal courses of stones and there are several columns. The façade, with a central door, is 7.8 metres long.

- "Monument 7": is a horse-shoe shaped building with concave façade and sloping exterior wall. Archaeological intervention has documented its use until the first century A.D.

- "Monument 8": is a roughly circular building with a curved wall and pilasters. It may be a circular dwelling like "Monument 3".

- "Monument 9": cannot be clearly identified due to the accumulation of stones .

- "Monument 10": is also in a very poor state of preservation, although it seems to have had an apsidal floor with pillars .

There is also a necropolis consisting of two adapted natural caves and three hypogeums, one from the Middle Bronze Age that was reused as a cistern in the Talayotic era, another of similar characteristics in the centre of the group, and a third circular structure outside the site.

Classification:
Sanctuary and taula.

Municipality:
Alaior.

Chronological period:
Middle Bronze - Talayotic - Iron - Carthaginian – Roman Eras.

Objects found:
- Several iron objects .?
- Talayotic, Carthaginian, Ibizan, Roman and Iberian pottery.
- Several bronze objects.

Constructions:
- Hypogeums.
- Caves.
- Taula enclosure.
- Sanctuary.

 
Archaeological interventions

Between 1982-1987 a group of archaeologists linked to the Museum of Minorca carried out a series of archaeological digs.

 
Legal protections

BIC no. of the Island Council of Minorca: 000132.
BIC no. of the Balearic Islands Government: 7002-2-2-51-001605-0.
BIC no. of the Ministry of Culture: R-I-51-0003208-00000. Decree no. 0/1966, of 10 September: 1577.?

 
Bibliography

CASTRO MARTINEZ, P.V. et alii. Radiocarbon Dating and the Prehistory of the Balearic Islands. PPS 63. The Prehistoric Society. 1997.
GARCÍA ARGÜELLES,A.; LÓPEZ, A.; GUAL, J.M. Aproximació a l’ocupació del territori a l’Antiguitat: el terme municipal d’Alaior. Meloussa 3. Institut Menorquí d’Estudis. 1994.
HABSBURG, L.S. Die Insel Minorca. 1891. Traducción de 1980. SA NOSTRA.
HERNÁNDEZ SANZ, F. Notas arqueológicas. Monumentos megalíticos de “Sa Cudia Cremada”, “Talatí de Dalt”, “Torelló”, “Torrellisá Vell” y “Son na Cassana”. Revista de Menorca. Ateneu de Maó. 1897.
MASCARÓ PASARIUS, J. Prehistoria de las Baleares. Gráficas Miramar. 1968.
MESTRES I TORRES, J.; NICOLAS MASCARO, J.C. de. Contribución de la datación por radiocarbono al establecimiento de la cronología absoluta de la prehistoria menorquina. II CNA. Institución “Fernando El Católico” y Diputación de Zaragoza. 1999.
NICOLÁS MASCARÓ, J.C. De. Geografía e Historia de Menorca. Geografia e Historia IV. 1983.
NICOLÁS MASCARÓ, J.C. De; CONDE BERDÓS, M.J. La ceràmica ibèrica pintada a les Illes Balears i Pitiüses. Recerca 3. Institut Menorquí d'Estudis. 1993.
ORFILA PONS M.; RITA LARRUCEA, C.; PLANTALAMOR MASSANET, LL.; TUSET BERTRAN F. Arqueología. Enciclopedia Me VIII. Obra Cultural de Menorca. 1995.
PERICOT, Ll. Las islas Baleares en los tiempos Prehistóricos. Destino. 1975.
PLANTALAMOR, Ll. El santuario de So na Caçana y las relaciones con el Mediterráneo Central y Occidental. ACS 2. Amministrazione Provinciale di Cagliari. 1987.
PLANTALAMOR, Ll. L’arquitectura prehistòrica i protohistòrica de Menorca i el seu marc cultural. Conselleria d’Educació i Cultura del Govern Balear. Treballs del Mme 12. 1991.
PLANTALAMOR MASSANET, Ll. Ubicació topogràfica de les taules i els santuaris menorquins. El seu significat econòmic i social. IME. Meloussa 4. 1997.
PLANTALAMOR, Ll. La cronologia de la Prehistòria de Menorca (Noves datacions C14). Treballs del Mme 12. Conselleria d’Educació i Cultura del Govern Balear. 1997
RAMIS I RAMIS, J. Antigüedades célticas de la Isla de Menorca desde los tiempos primitivos más remotos hasta el siglo IV de la era Cristiana. Pedro Antonio Serra. 1818.

 
Practical information

Access:
Access by the Alaior to Cala en Porter road. The settlement is at kilometre 6, on the right of the path.
Road signs to site.
Open to the general public.

Parking:
Yes.
There is parking for some 8/10 cars and one microbus.

Visits:
Opening hours

1 January to 14 March - every day - 10 to 18 h
15 March to 15 November - every day - 10 to 20 h
16 November to 31 December - every day - 10 to 18 h

Prices:

1 January to 14 March, voluntary payment.
15 March to 15 November - general €3 - juvenile up to 12 years free access - retired persons, students, unemployed persons and Minorcans €2
16 November to 14 March, voluntary contribution.

For further information, consult the website: http://sonacassana.jimdo.com

Information panels on site.

Ownership and management:
Private.

 

 
 
 
Consell Insular de Menorca Govern Illes Balears
MINORCA TALAYOTIC - World Heritage Nomination
HOME  |  CONTACT  |  LEGAL TERMS  |  XHTML 1.0  |  CSS 2.1  |  RSS