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The Torrellafuda settlement dates from the Talayotic era and was inhabited until Islamic times, as indicated by the archaeological remains found. The settlement, set in a holm oak wood, consists of a single large talayot, a taula enclosure, several houses and a necropolis of four hypogeums or artificial caves. There are other structures including a cistern from the Roman or Mediaeval era and sections of a cyclopean-type wall.
In one of the hypogeums a batch of lead sling balls from the Roman era was found.

Torrellafuda talayotic settlement

The Torrellafuda settlement dates from the Talayotic era and was inhabited until Islamic times, as indicated by the archaeological remains found. The settlement, set in a holm oak wood, consists of a single large talayot, a taula enclosure, several houses and a necropolis of four hypogeums or artificial caves. There are other structures including a cistern from the Roman or Mediaeval era and sections of a cyclopean-type wall.
In one of the hypogeums a batch of lead sling balls from the Roman era was found.



 
Detailed description

This large talayotic settlement contains a large talayot, a taula enclosure, sections of a perimeter wall, hypogeums, houses and an old cistern from the Roman or Mediaeval era.

- The talayot has a truncated cone shape and one side of which has been demolished.

- The taula enclosure is well conserved, although the large blocks that formed the walls and pilasters have fallen to the ground. The flat façade is preserved but the central column of the " T " has toppled over and is broken into two, and capital has a truncated cone shape. One of the pilasters of the enclosure wall preserves its capital slab, very similar to the central pillars of the taula, so it is thought to be a "T" or central pillar of the taula enclosure. The exterior width of the building is 15 metres.?The Museum of Minorca preserves some material from the partial excavation in the nineteen-sixties which indicates that the space was in use up to the first century A.D.

- Necropolis:

"Hypogeum 1": lies beside the access pathway to the settlement, under a dry stone wall and surrounded by large structural stones.

"Hypogeum 2": is set next to the access pathway near the houses. The entrance was recreated in modern times.

"Hypogeum 3": located next to the well beside the path. The entrance was recreated in modern times.

"Hypogeum 4": located in the extreme west of the settlement. Recycled as a hut for livestock.

Inside one of the caves we find the alphabetical inscription "DIODORUS " dating from the Roman era

Classification:
Talayotic settlement.

Municipality:
Ciutadella.

Chronological period:
Talayotic (Iron Age).

Objects found:
- Batch of lead sling balls from Roman times.

Constructions:
- Taula enclosure.
- Talayot.
?- Perimeter wall.
- Cistern.
- House.?
- Hypogeum.

 
Archaeological interventions

Excavated during the nineteen-sixties. Later, in 2002, more superficial material from the Islamic era was collected.

 
Legal protections

BIC no. of the Island Council of Minorca: 000618.?
BIC no. of the Balearic Islands Government: 7015-2-2-55-2940.? BIC no. of the Ministry of Culture: A-R-I-55-0000822.?
Decree no. 2563/1966, of 10 September: 1772.

 
Bibliography

CARTAILHAC, E. Los monumentos primitivos de las Islas Baleares. José J. de Olañeta. 1892.
CHAMBERLAIN, F. The Balearic and their peoples. John Lane The Bodley Head. 1927.
DELIBES,G.; FERNÁNDEZ MIRANDA, M. Armas y utensilios de bronce en la Prehistoria de las Islas Baleares. SA 78. Universidad de Valladolid. 1988.
HERNANDEZ MORA, J. Menorca prehistórica. Notas descriptivas. Revista de Menorca. Ateneu de Maó. 1949.
HERNÁNDEZ SANZ, F. Compendio de Geografía e Historia de la isla de Menorca. Ateneu de Maó. 1908.
MARTORELL I PEÑA, J. Apuntes arqueológicos de D.Francisco Martorell i Peña (ordenados por Salvador Sanpere y Miquel). Imprenta y Librería de Vicente Dorca. 1879.
MASCARÓ PASARIUS, J. Els monuments megalítics a l'illa de Menorca. MSHA 19. Institut d'Estudis Catalans. 1958.
MASCARÓ PASARIUS, J. Prehistoria de las Baleares. Gráficas Miramar. 1968.
MASCARÓ PASARIUS, J. Las taulas. Testimonio de la fe religiosa y de la capacidad creadora de los paleomenorquines. Revista de Menorca. Ateneu de Maó. 1968.
MASCARÓ PASARIUS, J. (coord). 1982 y 1883. Geografía e Historia de Menorca. Ciutadella.
ORFILA, M.; SINTES, G. Estudio preliminar sobre la perduración del habitat en los conjuntos talaióticos menorquines. Mayurqa 20. Universitat de les Illes Balears. 1980.
ORFILA PONS M.; RITA LARRUCEA, C.; PLANTALAMOR MASSANET, LL.; TUSET BERTRAN F. Arqueología. Enciclopedia Me VIII. Obra Cultural de Menorca. 1995.
PETRUS DE TOLÓS, M. El poblado talaiótico de Torre Llafuda. VI SPP. Universidad de Zaragoza. 1967.
PLANTALAMOR, Ll. L’arquitectura prehistòrica i protohistòrica de Menorca i el seu marc cultural. Conselleria d’Educació i Cultura del Govern Balear. Treballs del Mme 12. 1991.
RAMIS I RAMIS, J. Antigüedades célticas de la Isla de Menorca desde los tiempos primitivos más remotos hasta el siglo IV de la era Cristiana. Pedro Antonio Serra. 1818.
SASTRE MOLL, J. El vaso de fondo alto menorquín. Estudio tipológico y decorativo. Treballs del Mme 3. Conselleria d'Educació i Cultura del Govern Balear. 1985.
SERRA BELABRE, M.L. Contribución al estudio de las taulas. Talatí i orrellafuda. CNA IX. Universidad de Zaragoza.
VENY, C. Corpus de las inscripciones baleáricas hasta la dominación árabe. BEEHAR 15. CSIC-Delegación de Roma. 1965.

 
Practical information

Access:
Access from the Me-1 main road from Maó to Ciutadella. At kilometre 36 a rural path turns off on the left which leads to the estate of the same name. Continue for 850 metres and past the houses on the estate you find the site's parking area. Finally, walk a further 150 metres to reach the monument. ?
Road signs to site.
Open to the general public.

Parking:
Yes.
There is parking for 10/15 cars and several microbuses.

Visits:
Free access throughout the day.
Information panels on site.

Ownership and management:
Private ownership and management by the Island Council of Minorca.

 

 
 
 
Consell Insular de Menorca Govern Illes Balears
MINORCA TALAYOTIC - World Heritage Nomination
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