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The Cornia Nou talayotic settlement is set on a rocky sandstone site from which stones have often been removed for construction.
Among the visible structures are a large truncated cone shaped talayot over ten metres high, with an imposing stairway to the upper storey. Other constructions adjoining this talayot have been excavated by archaeologists from the Museum of Minorca, who have uncovered a great hoard of tools used in food preparation. This find tells us of a complex society which even had some degree of hierarchisation.
There is a second smaller talayot, built against a pre-existing wall. Beside it are two large interconnected cisterns excavated into the rock.
There is also a necropolis with five funerary hypogeums.

Cornia Nou talayotic settlement

The Cornia Nou talayotic settlement is set on a rocky sandstone site from which stones have often been removed for construction.
Among the visible structures are a large truncated cone shaped talayot over ten metres high, with an imposing stairway to the upper storey. Other constructions adjoining this talayot have been excavated by archaeologists from the Museum of Minorca, who have uncovered a great hoard of tools used in food preparation. This find tells us of a complex society which even had some degree of hierarchisation.
There is a second smaller talayot, built against a pre-existing wall. Beside it are two large interconnected cisterns excavated into the rock.
There is also a necropolis with five funerary hypogeums.



 
Detailed description

There are few visible structures at the Cornia Nou settlement, but these include two talayots, one quite large.
The larger western talayot has a circular floor plan and truncated cone shaped profile, and is built from rough-hewn stones placed in horizontal courses. In its base, in sector E, an apse-shaped construction has recently been excavated from inside which there is access to an enclosure that preserves its stone roof. This interior opens onto an external platform from which a steep stone stairway climbs to the top of the talayot. Also on the outside of the talayot, oriented approximately south-east, an access way can be seen leads to another very steep stairway leading to the top, running up the external surface of one of the infills typical of the talayot construction technique. Another similar structure on the west side of the monument also leads to the top. These passageways and ramps were discovered in 2014 by members of the research team working on the site.
Dimensions: diameter 26 m

The eastern talayot has an approximately circular floor plan. It has two different sections, one on each side of an old wall that ran around a raised enclosure located in the lower part of the talayot.

It is crossed by a passageway from north to south, sometimes 4 m high, roofed by the stepped courses technique and juxtaposing large stone slabs. This chamber leads to a small lateral elliptical hut, also connected to the main chamber by a small passageway. To the north the remains of later structures, possibly a talayotic house, are preserved. And to the north-east two linked silos excavated into the rock have been documented, used as water cisterns, and the channels for rain-water collection have been preserved. It was excavated between 2007 and 2008 by a team from the Museum of Minorca.?Dimensions: diameter 12 m

Monument 1: Located to the south of the western talayot, it has a very complex internal structure. Its door in the centre of a concave façade leads to a corridor where a hearth structure paved with slate slabs has been documented. The western room is divided into four clearly differentiated spaces. In the eastern space paving consisting of recycled hand mills has been documented. The corridor leads to a roofed passageway and that leads to the upper part of the building through a scaled ramp. This upper part is approximately at the same height as the talayot’s stairway, so it seems that the purpose of this passageway would be to give access to the top of the structure. On each side of the building remains have been documented of structures whose function is currently a mystery. It was excavated by a team from the Museum of Minorca between 2008 and 2012.
Dimensions: length of façade 14 m

Monument 2: Located to the west of the western talayot. Has the same characteristics as the southern monument, but is smaller. The door is reinforced by vertically positioned stones.
Dimensions: length of façade 8.90 m

Eastern hillside: rocky hillside of some 4,000 m2 with sheer drops, enclosed by a cyclopean wall with a portal of polylithic pilasters and monolithic lintels, currently demolished, that allowed access to the upper level.
Remains of adjoining structures.

Northern sector: Located to the west of this hillside, this is a circular building with curved walls, adjoining another building. According to the archaeological records of the Town Council, when the Monument to the War Dead was built in Plaza Explanada, Maó after the Spanish Civil War, stones from this settlement were used.

Inside the site there is also a necropolis, consisting of the following hypogeums:

1: Alongside the Maó-Sant Climent road. It has a modern portal.

2: Hypogeum of the "de horno" type, so called because it resembles traditional bread naking ovens.

3: Circular hypogeum.

4: Possible cave reused or adapted to form a kind of well, with a stairway to the interior.

5: Irregular shaped hypogeum with sloping entry corridor.

Classification:
Talayotic settlement

Municipality:
Maó

Chronological period:
Early Bronze Age - Talayotic (Late Bronze Age)

Objects found:
- Remains of cereals in the hearth structure
- Bronze awls
- Talayotic, Carthaginian, Roman, Iberian and Islamic pottery
- As well as the usual animal species, the remains of deer antlers
- Mortars
- Bone awls
- Hammers
- Hand mills, some recycled to form a pavement

Constructions:
- Sanctuary
- Talayot
- Hypogeums

 
Archaeological interventions

From 2007 to 2012 a series of archaeological interventions was directed by a team from the Museum of Minorca, who excavated the settlement’s monuments and talayot.

 
Legal protections

BIC no. of the Island Council of Minorca: 000883?BIC no. of the Balearic Islands Government: 7032-2-2-55-2956
BIC no. of the Ministry of Culture: R-I-55-0000847?Decree no. 2563/1966, of 10 September: 1901

 
Bibliography

Anglada, m. 2012. Risultati preliminari dell’intervento di scavo nel talaiot Ovest di Curnia Nou (Maó, Minorca). In XLIV Riunione Scientifica dell'Istituto Italiano di Preistoria e Protostoria. “La preistoria e la protostoria della Sardegna” (Cagliari-Barumini-Sassari, 23-28 de novembre de 2009). Florència: Istituto Italiano di Preistoria e Protostoria: 1619-1626.

Anglada, M.; Ferrer, A.; Plantalamor, L.; Ramis, D. & Van Strydonck, M. 2011. Les comunitats humanes a Menorca durant l’edat del bronze: el jaciment de Cornia Nou. Quaderns de Prehistòria i Arqueologia de Castelló, 29: 27-46.

Anglada, M.; Ferrer, A.; Plantalamor, L.; Ramis, D. & Van Strydonck, M. 2012. Arquitectura monumental y complejidad social a partir de finales del segundo milenio cal BC: el edificio sur del sector oeste de Cornia Nou (Menorca). Sardinia, Corsica et Baleares Antiquae, 10: 23-44.

Anglada, M.; Ferrer, A.; Plantalamor, L.; Rigo, I. & Ramis, D. 2013.  Desenterrant el passat: les excavacions arqueològiques a Cornia Nou. Àmbit, 31 (URL: http://www.cime.es/WebEditor/Pagines/file/Ambit/Setembre2013/04desenterrant.pdf).

Anglada, M.; Ferrer, A.; Plantalamor, L.; Ramis, D. & Van Strydonck, M.(2013. La sucesión de ocupaciones entre el Calcolítico y la Edad Media en el yacimiento de Cornia Nou (Menorca, Islas Baleares). Espacio, Tiempo y Forma. Serie I, Nueva Época (Prehistoria y Arqueología), 6: 269-299.

Anglada, M.; Ferrer, A.; Plantalamor, L.; Ramis, D.; Van Strydonck, M. & De Mulder, G. 2014. Chronological framework for the early Talayotic period in Menorca: the settlement of Cornia Nou. Radiocarbon, 56: 411-424.

Anglada, M.; Ferrer, A.; Plantalamor, L. & Ramis, D. 2015.  Cornia Nou. L’emersió del passat. Àmbit, 37: 14-16. (URL: http://www.cime.es/WebEditor/Pagines/file/Ambit/Setembre2015.pdf)

FERRER, A. 2012. Risultati dell’intervento di scavo nel Talaiot Est di Curnia Nou (Maó, Minorca). In XLIV Riunione Scientifica dell'Istituto Italiano di Preistoria e Protostoria. “La preistoria e la protostoria della Sardegna” (Cagliari-Barumini-Sassari, 23-28 de novembre de 2009). Florència: Istituto Italiano di Preistoria e Protostoria: 1627-1635.

Ferrer, A.; Plantalamor, L. & Anglada, M. (coord.) 2014. Desenterrant el passat. Les excavacions arqueològiques a Cornia Nou. Maó: Museu de Menorca.

HOCHSIEDER, P. 2015. Aspectes arqueoastronòmics a l’edifici sud de Cornia Nou (Menorca). In Andreu, C.; Ferrando, C. & Pons, O. (eds.), L’Entreteixit del Temps. Miscel·lània d’Estudis en Homenatge a Lluís Plantalamor Massanet. Palma: Conselleria de Participació, Transparència i Cultura del Govern de les Illes Balears: 221-231.

PLANTALAMOR, L. 1991. El conjunt de Curnia (Maó) i l’evolució cultural a Menorca oriental al II mil·lenari aC. Bolletí de la Societat Arqueològica Lul·liana, 47: 3-18.

Plantalamor, L. & Sastre, J. 2013. Estudi de les ceràmiques islàmiques trobades a l’estació arqueològica de Cornia (Maó - Menorca). In Riera, M. & Cardell, J. (coord.), V Jornades d’Arqueologia de les Illes Balears (Palma, 28 a 30 de setembre, 2012). Palma: Documenta Balear: 255-266.

PLANTALAMOR, L.; PONS, J.; FERRER, A. 2011. Resultats preliminars de les excavacions al talaiot est de Cornia Nou (Maó). In Gual, J. (coord.), III Jornades d’Arqueòlegs de les Balears (Maó,3 i 4 d’octubre, 2008). Maó: Consell Insular de Menorca, Llibres del Patrimoni Històric i Cultural 4: 131-138.

Plantalamor, L.; Ferrer, A.; Anglada, M.; Villalonga, S.; Ramis, D. & Pons, O. (2012). Le costruzzioni dell’insediamiento talaiotico di Curnia Nou (Minorca): un confronto con l’archittettura della Preistoria recente del Mediterraneo Centrale ed Occidentale. In XLIV Riunione Scientifica dell'Istituto Italiano di Preistoria e Protostoria. “La preistoria e la protostoria della Sardegna” (Cagliari-Barumini-Sassari, 23-28 de novembre de 2009). Florència: Istituto Italiano di Preistoria e Protostoria: 1081-1085.

PORTILLO, M.; LLERGO, Y.; FERRER, A.; ANGLADA, M.; PLANTALAMOR, L.; ALBERT, R.M. 2014. Actividades domésticas y molienda en el asentamiento talayótico de Cornia Nou (Menorca, Islas Baleares): resultados del estudio de microfósiles vegetales. Revista d’Arqueologia de Ponent 24: 311-321.

SASTRE, J. & PLANTALAMOR, L. 2009. Investigació arxivística cristiana i arqueològica musulmana (segle XIII) a l’illa de Menorca. In AA.DD., El Tractat de Capdepera de 1231 i la independència de Menorca. Capdepera: Ajuntament de Capdepera: 231-250.

 
Practical information

Access:
The settlement is at kilometre 2.5 on the Maó to Sant Climent road, between the Maó industrial estate and the airport road. Access is on foot along the Vell de Sant Climent path from Maó Industrial Estate, some 400 metres away.
Road signs to site.
Open to the general public.?

Parking:
None.
Parking available near the Maó industrial estate in Calle de Corniola, beside the Vell de Sant Climent path. ?

Visits:
Opening hours

January to April - Saturdays - 10 to 19 h
May to September - Saturdays - 10 to 21 h
October to December - Saturdays - 10 to 19 h

Information panels on site.

Ownership and management:
Private ownership and management by the Island Council of Minorca.

 

 
 
 
Consell Insular de Menorca Govern Illes Balears
MINORCA TALAYOTIC - World Heritage Nomination
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