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The Rafal Rubí archaeological site of consists of two funerary navetas dated between the Middle and Late Bronze Age, although materials have also been found in the area that date from the fifteenth century A.D., suggesting that they continued in use until mediaeval times. Their original function was funerary, so these burial navetas were typical of their era.

Rafal Rubí southern naveta

The Rafal Rubí archaeological site of consists of two funerary navetas dated between the Middle and Late Bronze Age, although materials have also been found in the area that date from the fifteenth century A.D., suggesting that they continued in use until mediaeval times. Their original function was funerary, so these burial navetas were typical of their era.



 
Detailed description

The Rafal Rubí archaeological site consists of two funerary navetas. The southern naveta measures 13.75 metres long, with a maximum width of 8.70 metres. The façade is flat, measuring 8 metres, with the portal in the middle formed by a tri-lithic structure of large stones leading to an 0.85 metre wide pseudo-rectangular corridor that in turn leads to a perforated slab with a rectangular door and peripheral recess 0.50 metres wide by 0.70 metres high, currently broken and with its lower part worn. From the roof of the corridor a vertical shaft opens out, with an average width of 0.80 metres leading to the upper chamber. The latter, of which only two courses are extant, has an oblong shape with straight ends. During excavation of the upper chamber it was confirmed that “the gaps in the roof slabs had been plugged with splinters of limestone worked with blackish clay” (Rosselló-Bordoy, 1971: 62).

The lower chamber has a pseudo-rectangular shape, with the sides slightly curved, measuring 6.40 metres long by 2.40 metres wide at maximum. Its height is 2.30 metres, and it is covered by 6 large limestone slabs some 3 metres long, resting on the irregular cyclopean wall. Above the entry, between the second and third courses, at 1.20 metres into the solid rock, is a shelf formed by a slab (0.95 metres deep); and in the apse of the chamber there is a shelf formed by two flat slabs, also between the second and third courses, 1.30 metres high and 1.20 metres deep.

In the late sixties it was subjected to archaeological excavation in a dig directed by G. Roselló which found fragments of pottery from the Middle Bronze Age (Naviform II), in gobular and spherical shapes. Two metal objects were also found, a bi-cone bronze bead and a fragment of torques or rods, also in bronze.

Dimensions: length 16.50 m; width 8.10 m

Classification:
?Funerary naveta

Municipality:
Alaior

Chronological period:
Early Bronze Age - Late Bronze Age

Objects found:
- Fragments of bronze torques located outside the funerary naveta
- Fragments of mediaeval Islamic pottery, possibly Almoravid
- Pottery of lobular profile, S profile pottery with a bevelled edge
- Remains of a pottery amphora from the Carthaginian Era
- Bi-cone bronze bead

Constructions:
- Funerary monument

 
Archaeological interventions

The first archaeological intervention was by Guillem Rosselló and Maria Lluïsa Serra in 1965, with the excavation and restoration of the southern naveta.

 
Legal protections

BIC no. of the Island Council of Minorca: 07002-51-000063-RRU-01?BIC no. of the Balearic Islands Government: 7002-2-55-0-3065
BIC no. of the Ministry of Culture: R-I-51-0003196?Decree no. 2563/1966, of 10 September: 1566
Declared Historic-Artistic monument by Decree of 3 June 1931

 
Bibliography

Plantalamor, L.; Anglada, M. & Ferrer, A. 2012. Els aixovars dels sepulcres col·lectius de l’illa de Menorca: elements de tradició neolítica i calcolítica i evidències de relacions amb l’exterior. In Borrell, M.; Borrell, F.; Bosch, J. & Molist, M. (eds.), Actes del Congrés Internacional Xarxes al Neolític. Circulació i intercanvi de matèries, productes i idees a la Mediterrània occidental (VII-III mil·lenni aC). Gavà / Bellaterra, 2-4/2/2011. Rubricatum 5. Gavà: Museu de Gavà: 433-440.

PLANTALAMOR, L.; SASTRE, J. & VILLALONGA, S. 2009. Les llàgrimes bicòniques a l’illa de Menorca. Randa, 62: 5-29.

SERRA, M.L.; ROSSELLO BORDOY, G. 1971. Excavación y restauración de la naveta meridional de Rafal Rubí (Alayor, Menorca). Noticiario Arqueológico Hispánico, 16: 51-74.

SOUICH, P. & BOTELLA, M.C. 1976. Los materiales antropológicos de la naveta de Rafal Rubí y otros restos del Museo Provincial de Bellas Artes de Mahón (Menorca). Pyrenae, 12: 7-33.

 
Practical information

Access:
Access by Me-1 main road. Leaving Maó for Alaior, at kilometre 6.6 turn off to the right onto a rural path. Not far (some 100 metres) beyond that, to the left of the path, is the entrance to the monument.?
Road signs to site.
Open to the general public.

Parking:
None

Visits:
Free access throughout the day

Information panels on site.

Ownership and management:
Private ownership and management by the Island Council of Minorca.

 

 
 
 
Consell Insular de Menorca Govern Illes Balears
MINORCA TALAYOTIC - World Heritage Nomination
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