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Cala Morell, located near the development of the same name on the north coast of Ciutadella is one of the most spectacular archaeological sites on the island. It consists of a large necropolis, with seventeen artificial caves, and a coastal settlement inhabited during the Bronze Age (1400-1000 B.C.).
The settlement is bounded by a wall and had thirteen dwellings. One surprising aspect is its construction technique, which unlike the habitational navetas typically found in the era, was not cyclopean but based on small stones.

Cala Morell coastal settlement

Cala Morell, located near the development of the same name on the north coast of Ciutadella is one of the most spectacular archaeological sites on the island. It consists of a large necropolis, with seventeen artificial caves, and a coastal settlement inhabited during the Bronze Age (1400-1000 B.C.).
The settlement is bounded by a wall and had thirteen dwellings. One surprising aspect is its construction technique, which unlike the habitational navetas typically found in the era, was not cyclopean but based on small stones.



 
Detailed description

This Bronze Age coastal settlement is located on the headland known as Es Coll de Cala Morell. It had 13 houses or habitational units, some of apsidal floor plan and others quadrangular. Unlike the habitational navetas of the era, its construction technique was not cyclopean but based on small stones.
The settlement is bounded by a wall on its southern side.
In the centre of the settlement, on the downward slope to the north, are two small depressions excavated into the rock, two pools which were used to collect and decant water, although there is green vegetation here throughout the year.
On the highest part of the southern sector of the site there is a small esplanade with a circular construction bounded by the rock and a cyclopean wall, whose function is not clear due to of lack archaeological data.

In 2011, 2012 and 2013 several archaeological excavations took place under the "Entre Illes" research programme. These interventions uncovered two elongated apsidal shaped naviforms, with southward oriented entrances. One has a rectangular hearth platform in the middle of the building and a low bench on the western side. In the building’s access area, in a small niche in the east wall, domestic items were documented: a circular clay support some 30 cm high and a slightly concave base of a mill made from tertiary sandstone. The material found inside the niche was documented pottery from the Middle Bronze Age, dated between 1600 and 1200 B.C.

Classification:
Coastal settlement

Municipality:
Ciutadella

Chronological period:
Bronze Age (1400-1000 BC)

Objects found:
- Pottery from the Middle Bronze Age, stone tools, bronze objects


Constructions:
- Naviforms
- Wall

 
Archaeological interventions

Over the years, the site has been subject to several archaeological interventions:
- 1995: Planimetric survey of the coastal settlement by Lluís Plantalamor and Gustau Juan.
- 2011: Archaeological excavation of a naviform in the coastal settlement by Montserrat Anglada, Antoni Ferrer and Damià Ramis. ?
- 2012: Archaeological excavation of a naviform of the coastal settlement by Montserrat Anglada, Antoni Ferrer and Damià Ramis.?
- 2013: Archaeological excavation of a naviform in the coastal settlement by Friends of Manacor Museum.

 
Legal protections

The property is within the parameters of maritime-terrestrial public domain, and therefore in the state public domain. Law 2/2013, of 29 May, on the protection and sustainable use of the coast.
BIC no. of the Island Council of Minorca: 07015-55-000465- SMN02
BIC no. of the Balearic Islands Government: 7015-2-2-51-001756-0
BIC no. of the Spanish Ministry of Culture: R-I-51-0003363-00000

 
Bibliography

Anglada, M.; Ferrer, A.; Salas, M. & Ramis, D. 2012. L’excavació arqueològica al cap costaner fortificat de cala Morell. Àmbit, 26
(URL: http://www.cime.es/WebEditor/Pagines/file/Ambit/Gener2012/Cala_Morell.pdf).

Anglada, M.; Ferrer, A.; Ramis, D. & Salas, M. 2013. Una propuesta para la difusión y puesta en valor de yacimientos arqueológicos en Baleares: el proyecto "Entre Illes". In Castillo, A. (ed.), Proceedings of the First International Conference on Best Practices in World Heritage: Archaeology. Mahon, Minorca, Balearic Islands, Spain 9-13 April 2012. Madrid: Universidad Complutense de Madrid: 723-732.

Anglada, M.; Ferrer, A.; Ramis, D. & Salas, M. 2013. El projecte “Entre Illes”: primers resultats als jaciments de sa Ferradura (Manacor) i cala Morell (Ciutadella). In VII Jornades d’Estudis Locals de Manacor. 11 i 12 de maig de 2012. Manacor: Ajuntament de Manacor: 113-124.

Anglada, M.; Ferrer, A.; Ramis, D. & Salas, M. 2013. Resultats preliminars del projecte Entre Illes - el cas dels jaciments de sa Ferradura (Manacor) i Cala Morell (Ciutadella). In Riera, M. & Cardell, J. (coord.), V Jornades d’Arqueologia de les Illes Balears (Palma, 28 a 30 de setembre, 2012). Palma: Documenta Balear: 51-58.

Anglada, M.; Ferrer, A.; Ramis, D. & Salas, M. 2015. Les llars de foc en els caps costaners de Sa Ferradura (Manacor) i Es coll de cala Morell (Ciutadella). In Andreu, C.; Ferrando, C. & Pons, O. (eds.), L’Entreteixit del Temps. Miscel·lània d’Estudis en Homenatge a Lluís Plantalamor Massanet. Palma: Conselleria de Participació, Transparència i Cultura del Govern de les Illes Balears: 59-72.

JUAN, G. & PLANTALAMOR, L. 1996. L'aixecament planimètric del cap costaner de Cala'n Morell (Ciutadella-Menorca). Treballs del Museu de Menorca 15. Maó: Govern Balear, Conselleria d'Educació, Cultura i Esports.

Plantalamor, L. (1991b): Los asentamientos costeros de la isla de Menorca. In AA.DD., Atti del II Congresso Internazionale di Studi Fenici e Punici, 9-14 Novembre 1987, Volume terzo, Roma: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche: 1151-1160.










 
Practical information

Access:
Access by the Ciutadella to Cala Morell road. From the Cala Morell taulas roundabout, turn north and following the road, turn left at the last branch road, continuing parallel to the coast until you reach a cul de sac. From there, continue on foot until you reach the archaeological site.
Also accessible from Itineraries 8 and 9 of the Camí de Cavalls walk, Algairens-Cala Morell and Cala Morell-Punta Nati section.

Parking:
None. You can park at the Cala Morell development.

Visits:
Free access throughout the day.
Information panels on site.

Ownership and management:
Owned by the Ministry for Agriculture, Food and the Environment (Directorate General for the Sustainability of Coast and the Sea –Balearic Islands Coastal Demarcation) and managed by the Island Council of Minorca.

 

 
 
 
Consell Insular de Menorca Govern Illes Balears
MINORCA TALAYOTIC - World Heritage Nomination
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