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Na Comerma de sa Garita is a unique type of monument in the panorama of Minorcan archaeology. It consists of a large apse-shaped site, covered by large slabs, that opens onto a large space surrounded by a cyclopean wall, which would originally have been in the open. The monument forms part of the archaeological area of Torre d'en Galmés.

Na Comerma de Sa Garita monument

Na Comerma de sa Garita is a unique type of monument in the panorama of Minorcan archaeology. It consists of a large apse-shaped site, covered by large slabs, that opens onto a large space surrounded by a cyclopean wall, which would originally have been in the open. The monument forms part of the archaeological area of Torre d'en Galmés.



 
Detailed description

The building consists of two clearly differentiated parts: a porticoed enclosure to the north and a courtyard adjoining it to the south.

The porticoed building, with an irregular apse shape, is surrounded by a double-faced wall. The external face of the wall is preserved up to a height of 2 m. This part of the building measures 16 m from east to west and 10 m from north to south. Its interior is divided by a series of architraved columns that would have formed a grid of five lines oriented north-south, and three oriented east-west. Currently 10 columns and 6 roof slabs are extant, but the almost total reconstruction of the building would be possible since the original materials still lie on the floor where they fell. The columns are polylithic (formed by several stones) and some have up to 7 tambours (stones). One feature of this enclosure is a "column" set in the north-east corner of the porticoed enclosure that has the form of a taula, although this does not conform to the normal layout of these sanctuaries. Adjoining this architraved building is a large irregular open courtyard of some 270 m2, accessed by a trabeated door whose lintel has collapsed. We do not currently know the use or even the exact chronology of this building, but it is probably related to political-ideological rather than domestic practices. Due to a talayotic truncated conical vessel with handle was found on the surface, and therefore decontextualised (and unique), its use can probably be placed at around the eighth or seventh century B.C. Of note are the building’s shape (porticoed space with open courtyard in front) bringing to mind the architectural layout of the circular houses of the Post-Talayotic Era, and the presence of elements more closely related to religious iconography (the taula), as we document in the Cartailhac Circle of Torre d’en Galmés.

Classification:
?- Sanctuary
- Taula enclosure

Municipality:
Alaior

Chronological period:
Late Bronze Age - Talayotic Iron Age

Objects found:
- Talayotic pottery vessel with truncated conical profile and side handle (unpublished). Museum of Minorca.

Constructions:
- Building with two areas, one covered with large slabs and another with an open courtyard

 
Archaeological interventions

 
Legal protections

Ministry of Culture: R-I-55-0000669.?Balearic Islands Government:7002-2-2-55-2850
Island Council of Minorca: 07002-55-00153-TGA-02
Decree no. 2563/1966, of 10 September: 1607

 
Bibliography

SINTES OLIVES, Elena. 2006. Sa Comerma de Sa Garita. In AA.DD., Historia de las Islas Baleares. Tomo 16: Patrimonio histórico y artístico. Palma: El Mundo-El Dia de Baleares / Edicions de Turisme Cultural: 46-47.

 
Practical information

Access:
Reached by the Alaior to Son Bou road. At the 2.2 kilometre mark turn left along a rural path and continue for 1.3 kilometres to the settlement of Torre d'en Galmés. Leave the car and descend some 1,000 m on foot by the Sa Torre Nova rural path to a stile leading to the plot containing Na Comerma de sa Garita and the Ses Roques Llises megalithic tomb.

Parking:
None

Visits:
All year round - Saturdays - 9 to 19 h

Ownership and management:
Private ownership and management by the Island Council of Minorca.

 

 
 
 
Consell Insular de Menorca Govern Illes Balears
MINORCA TALAYOTIC - World Heritage Nomination
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