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The Torretrencada talayotic settlement in the municipality of Ciutadella is particularly well known for its taula, one of the most spectacular on the island. The settlement dates from the Talayotic era and was inhabited until the Middle Ages, as indicated by pottery remains found on the surface.
Apart from the imposing taula, with a pilaster still in evidence at the back, the settlement consists of a talayot, the remains of a perimeter wall, foundations of what may have been houses and several hypogeums.

Torretrencada talayotic settlement

The Torretrencada talayotic settlement in the municipality of Ciutadella is particularly well known for its taula, one of the most spectacular on the island. The settlement dates from the Talayotic era and was inhabited until the Middle Ages, as indicated by pottery remains found on the surface.
Apart from the imposing taula, with a pilaster still in evidence at the back, the settlement consists of a talayot, the remains of a perimeter wall, foundations of what may have been houses and several hypogeums.



 
Detailed description

The settlement’s principle monuments are a circular talayot, today partly concealed by accumulations of stones. The taula enclosure preserves one of the most spectacular "Ts" on the island, with a pilaster placed against its back face. The enclosure walls have almost completely disappeared except for part of the façade, hidden under a heap of stones. Also visible are the foundations of what may be circular houses.

The Torretrencada settlement encroaches on the Torrellafuda site, with a free-standing square-section column or pilaster, although beside it are the remains of what may be circular houses. There is also a natural cave adapted in the prehistoric era and walled up in modern times.

A series of artificial caves or hypogeums has also been documented:

"Hypogeum 1": Set next to the site’s entrance gate.

"Hypogeum 2": Beside the talayot. Its entrance was modified in the modern era by the construction of a sloping roof in stone and sandstone blocks.

Covered building number 3. To the east of the taula is what is really a hypostyle hall. The entrance is through a downward-sloping corridor and inside, just before the entrance, is a polylithic column supporting a slabbed roof. The column’s sections do not have the typical talayotic layout (smallest stone below and largest above): it is made using smooth stones more or less similar in size. For most of the year it collects and stores the rain water that drains naturally to this point.

"Hypogeum 4": Beside the garden path, towards the eastern perimeter of the settlement.

There is also a water tank or cistern probably adapted from an old hypogeum. Beside it is a series of tombs hewn into the rock.

A large quantity of Talayotic, Iberian, Carthaginian, Roman, Islamic and Mediaeval pottery has been found on the surface. Another find was a bronze figure of Jupiter, now in a private collection, and some lead sling balls from Roman times.

A bronze figure of Jupiter was found and studied by M. Orfila (1983) it is kept in a private collection, another figure of Jupiter published by M. A. Casasnovas (1988).
A couple of Roman lead sling bullets were also found (Nicolás, 1983: 241).

Classification:
Talayotic settlement.

Municipality:
Ciutadella.

Chronological period:
Late Bronze Age - Talayotic (Iron Age)

Objects found:


Constructions:
- Hypostyle hall.
- Hypogeum.
- Taula enclosure.
- Talayot.
- Circular houses.

 
Archaeological interventions

 
Legal protections

BIC no. of the Island Council of Minorca: 000675.
BIC no. of the Balearic Islands Government: 7015-2-2-55-2909.
BIC no. of the Ministry of Culture: R-I-55-0000747.
Decree no. 2563/1966, of 10 September: 1788.

 
Bibliography

CARTAILHAC, E. Los monumentos primitivos de las Islas Baleares. José J. de Olañeta.1892.
CHAMBERLAIN, F.The Balearics and their peoples. John LaneThe Bodley Head. LTD.1927.
HABSBURG, L. S. Die Insel Minorca. La isla de Menorca en texto e imágenes. SA NOSTRA.1891.
HERNÁNDEZ MORA, J. Menorca prehistórica. Notas descriptivas. Ateneu de Maó.1949
HERNÁNDEZ SANZ, F. Noticias generales sobre los monumentos megalíticos de la isla de Menorca. Reseña detallada de los existentes en el predio de Telaty de dalt. Ateneu de Maó.1899.
HERNÁNDEZ SANZ, F. Compendio de Geografia e Historia de la isla de Menorca. Ateneu de Maó.1908.
MASCARÓ PASARIUS, J. Els monuments megalítics a l'illa de Menorca. Institut d'Estudis Catalans.1958.
MASCARÓ PASARIUS, J. Las taulas. Testimonio de la fe religiosa y de la capacidad creadora de los paleomenorquines. Ateneu de Maó. 1968.
MARTORELL i PEÑA, J. Apuntes arqueológicos de D. Francisco Martorell i Peña (ordenados por Salvador Sanpere y Miquel). Imprenta y Librería de Vicente Dorca.1879.
MASCARÓ PASARIUS, J. Prehistoria de las Baleares. Gráficas Miramar.1968.
NICOLÁS MASCARÓ, J.C. de; CONDE BERDÓS, M J. La ceràmica ibèrica pintada a les Illes Balears i Pitiüses. Institut Menorquí d’Estudis.1993.
NICOLÁS MASCARÓ, J.C. de. Geografia e Historia de Menorca. J. Mascaró Pasarius. 1983.
ORFILA PONS, M.Geografia e Historia de Menorca. J. Mascaró Pasarius.1983.
ORFILA PONS, M.; RITA LARRUCEA, C.; PLANTALAMOR, LL., MASSANET, Ll.; TUSET BERTRAN, F. Arqueologia. Obra Cultural de Menorca.1995.
PERICOT, LL. Las islas Baleares en los tiempos Prehistóricos. Destino. 1975.
PLANTALAMOR, Ll. L'arquitectura prehistòrica i protohistòrica de Menorca i el seu marc cultural. Conselleria d'Educació i Cultura del Govern Balear.1991.
RAMIS i RAMIS, J. Antigüedades célticas de la Isla de Menorca desde los tiempos primitivos más remotos hasta el siglo IV de la era Cristiana. Pedro Antonio Serra.1818.
SERRA, M.L.; ROSELLÓ, G.; ORFILA, J.A.; de NICOLÁS, J. Historia de Menorca, Tomo I. De los orígenes al final de la Edad Media. Rafael Timoner Sintes Media. 1977.

 
Practical information

Access:
Access from the Me-1 main Maó to Ciutadella road. On the left, at kilometre 38, is a path that links up with the "Camí Vell de Ciutadella" path. Continue for 1.1 kilometres then going towards Ferreries, continue for approximately 2.1 kilometres until you find the site’s small parking area. From here the monument is another 400 metres on foot.
Road signs to site.
Open to the general public.

Parking:
Yes.

Visits:
Opening hours

All year round - Sundays - 9 to 14 h

Information panels on site.

Ownership and management:
Private.

 

 
 
 
Consell Insular de Menorca Govern Illes Balears
MINORCA TALAYOTIC - World Heritage Nomination
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