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The Rafal Rubí archaeological site contains two funerary navetas dated between the Middle and Late Bronze Ages, although materials have been found in the area that date from the fifteenth century A.D., suggesting that they continued to be used until mediaeval times. These are communal tombs of the same type as La Naveta des Tudons, but smaller and much more closely spaced. Both have a perforated slab giving access to the inner chamber, which is divided into two levels.

Rafal Rubí northern naveta

The Rafal Rubí archaeological site contains two funerary navetas dated between the Middle and Late Bronze Ages, although materials have been found in the area that date from the fifteenth century A.D., suggesting that they continued to be used until mediaeval times. These are communal tombs of the same type as La Naveta des Tudons, but smaller and much more closely spaced. Both have a perforated slab giving access to the inner chamber, which is divided into two levels.



 
Detailed description

The Rafal Rubí archaeological site contains two funerary navetas.

The northern naveta has an elongated apse-shaped floor section, with a total length of 13.6 metres and a maximum width of 9 metres. The maximum height at the façade is 3 metres and the width 6 metres. It reaches a maximum of 4 metres high on one side, while in the apse only 2 metres have survived.

The entrance corridor is 2.20 m long, a maximum of 0.65 m wide and 0.70 m high, and leads to the chamber through a perforated slab with rectangular entry and recess (0.59 m by 0.64 m). Between the perforated slab and the entrance runs a vertical opening leading to the upper chamber, not excavated at the time of the monument’s restoration. This shaft is currently 1.90 m high by 0.60 m wide at maximum.

The rectangular chamber measures 6.8 m long at maximum by 2 m wide at maximum, while its height is 2 m.

The internal surface of the face is polygonal cyclopean, while the external surface is pseudo-isodomic cyclopean.

The apse has been destroyed and one of the roof slabs is probably missing, with only five large slabs remaining.

The façade is slightly concave and is built with relatively regular blocks, with horizontal courses on the outside face.

The excavation and restoration, directed by G. Rosselló in 1977, unearthed remains of human bones.

Classification:
Funerary naveta

Municipality:
Alaior

Chronological period:
Early Bronze Age - Late Bronze Age

Objects found:
- A ceramic bi-cone necklace bead
- Pottery

Constructions:
- Elongated naveta

 
Archaeological interventions

The northern naveta at Rafal Rubí was excavated and restored in 1977, under the direction of Guillem Rosselló, and unearthed remains of human bones in the upper chamber.

 
Legal protections

BIC no. of the Island Council of Minorca: 07002-51-000062-RRU-01?BIC no. of the Balearic Islands Government: 7002-2-55-0-3063
BIC no. of the Ministry of Culture: R-I-51-0003197?Decree no. 2563/1966, of 10 September: 1565
Declared Historic-Artistic monument by Decree of 3 June 1931

 
Bibliography

Plantalamor, L.; Anglada, M. & Ferrer, A. 2012. Els aixovars dels sepulcres col·lectius de l’illa de Menorca: elements de tradició neolítica i calcolítica i evidències de relacions amb l’exterior. In Borrell, M.; Borrell, F.; Bosch, J. & Molist, M. (eds.), Actes del Congrés Internacional Xarxes al Neolític. Circulació i intercanvi de matèries, productes i idees a la Mediterrània occidental (VII-III mil·lenni aC). Gavà / Bellaterra, 2-4/2/2011. Rubricatum 5. Gavà: Museu de Gavà: 433-440.

SOUICH, P. & BOTELLA, M.C. 1976. Los materiales antropológicos de la naveta de Rafal Rubí y otros restos del Museo Provincial de Bellas Artes de Mahón (Menorca). Pyrenae, 12: 7-33.

 
Practical information

Access:
Access by Me-1 main road. Leaving Maó for Alaior, at kilometre 6.6 there is a turnoff on the right to a rural path. Not far (some 100 metres) beyond that, on the left of the path is the entrance to the monument.
Road signs to site.
Open to the general public.

Parking:
None

Visits:
Free access throughout the day.
?Information panels on site.

Ownership and management:
Private ownership and management by the Island Council of Minorca.

 

 
 
 
Consell Insular de Menorca Govern Illes Balears
MINORCA TALAYOTIC - World Heritage Nomination
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